Ru En

Archive of the School of Northern Design

This selection presents works by the first students who participated in the touristic trips and plein-air outings in the Northern, Polar and Subpolar Urals, Yamal, Gydan and other places. They marked the beginning of Northern Design studies, first in the format of ethnographic/ecological design studio at the Department of Industrial Design, Sverdlovsk Architectural Institute, and then as a «Studio of Extreme Design». The themes of the first projects were chosen extremely carefully despite the fact that choice was based very familiar material. The theme that was felt to be most important for the northern regions was cross-country transport vehicles, and that perception was based on the half a century long experience of industrial development of the North (where there were no roads at all and the conditions were extreme). The students who had travelled in the North felt confident in this area of design; that is why many of the design projects addressed the problem of transport vehicle design. Next in importance was the theme of special equipment and outfit: modular equipment, clothing, and equipment for expeditions, tourists, geologists, oil industry workers, militaries, etc. Equally important was the theme of shelters: both collective and individual, stationary and mobile, winterized and interseasonal, etc.

Specialist-diploma project
Author: Nikolai Garin
Supervised by Elena A. Vyaznikova
1981

Description:

This transport vehicle features the following functional qualities:

  • maneuverability (in taiga zone);

  • stability;

  • low speed (equal to the speed of a reindeer team);

  • easy steering control;

  • possibility to find orientation in time and space and perform observations;

  • open design with access to all units and components.

The zoomorphic image of the sled is that of avka, a newborn reindeer. The trailer, if modified a bit, can be converted into a one-man boat, a tent, a cargo trailer, or an ambulance. The design was highly praised at an exhibition of student works in Canada.

Specialist-diploma project
Author: Andrey Kopyrin
Supervised by Nikolai P. Garin
1982

Description:

This type of transport was designed to address challenges associated with rescue operations in remote and hard-to-reach regions of the Arctic North. The potential customers are the Ministry of Emergencies and Disaster Response, frontier troops, police, first aid, fishing surveillance, etc. The project provides for a range of possible transformations for each application and season: from changing the color scheme to minor re-planning of the working space without the need to change the technical characteristics of this vehicle.

Specialist-diploma project
Author: Liudmila Ulyanycheva
Supervised by Nikolai P. Garin
1984

Description:

In this project, immersion into the indigenous culture played a key role. The author did not just study all the variety of indigenous northern clothes but also carried out a series of field studies in winter and summer: she actually experienced "living " in the clothes of the natives in various situations (sleeping in the snow, riding fast a reindeer-drawn sled, walking over deep snow to long distances, etc.). The key features of the outfit are layered design and combinability using innovative materials and technologies. It also takes advantage of some of the useful features of the malitsa, the Nenets winter clothe. This work received praise from the customer and the State Examination Board.

Specialist-diploma project
Author: Andrey Mitin
Supervised by Nikolai P. Garin
1985


Description:

This product presents a synthesis of northern indigenous culture and technologies available in the national industry. The proportions of the backpack and its pattern convey an image of a reliable, multipurpose and interesting device for carrying especially fragile valuable things, for example, instruments. The locks allow a number of such capsules to be inter-connected by belts and ropes. Such modularity enables, for example, a raft to be assembled on water. In transit over snow, the modules, once connected together, form a caravan (argish) which can be used to carry additional loads and/or people. When camping, the capsules can be assembled to form wind-proof walls. This work was awarded industrial design certificate No. 25204.

Specialist-diploma project
Author: Alexey Zaitsev
Supervised by Nikolai P. Garin
1986

Description:

The basic design idea was to assemble the traditional argish consisting of 5–7 sleds into one single transport unit. Moreover, the appearance, dimensions, weight and material had to match the tradition and environmental requirements. Therefore the material of the design is wood. The wooden parts are easily recognizable in terms of how they are made – manually (with an axe, a knife, a hand drill) rather than using machines. This is very important for maintenance and repair. The cover or case of the mobile shelter is two-layer dense canvas. All joints and nodes are "hinged" using belts and ropes. The form is an image combining together the chum, the yaranga, the tent, and the cone-shaped shelter, all widely used in the north and considered to be traditional dwellings. The project was awarded the industrial design certificate No. 29135.

Next project

Arctic tourism Practice
Ru En