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Integrated design project for the Russian Arctic Forces

In practical terms, the frontier guard duty in the Arctic has always been hard to endure since the life support systems for it are a result of unsystematic spontaneous efforts to modify existing equipment employed in various other sectors and intended for other purposes. So there is a persisting problem of adapting man and technology to military service in extreme natural conditions. In the self-initiated projects of the Design Studio for Extreme Environments (an educational unit in the School of Northern Design), the defense sector is one of areas for applying the research and design expertise not only because it is an area in which advanced technologies are concentrated but also because the challenge of developing life-support systems for the militaries in the Arctic presents an ideal sphere for creative experimenting and development of various scenarios for this region, which could be then adapted to civilian needs.

(Master’s degree project)
Authors: Ekaterina Vasilyeva, Nikita Klyusov
Supervised by Nikolai P. Garin and Dm Гарин, Denis А. Kukanov
2016

Description:

The key feature of this project is a parallel seating arrangement of the military personnel (a car variant), open construction and low profile. The parallel seating arrangement helps divide functions between the driver and the rifleman and creates non-intersection working zones: the driver focuses attention on the road (where there are no roads) while the rifleman keeps watching the surroundings being in readiness for action. The open sitting position (like a reindeer-team driver) ensures adaptation to the environment, enables the crew to dismount the vehicle promptly and read tracks on the snow while the low profile increases the stability of the transport. The treatment of the skis is very interesting, following the reindeer hoof model: the skis increase in area on loose snow and decrease on dense surfaces (a road, frozen crust, firn).

Master’s degree project
Author: Aikui Kazaryan
Supervised by Nikolai P. Garin, Denis А. Kukanov, Alexandra S. Rogova (Trofimenko)
2016

Description:

A small-size (seating up to 7 persons) inflatable shelter for emergency and disaster response professionals, frontier guards, and civilians. The main objective in developing this project was to design a shelter which could be promptly set up out of the transportation position by inflating it instantaneously with the help of an air cartridge. This is, perhaps, the main challenge in the extreme arctic conditions. Second, it includes a set of «essential and sufficient» things to support people (up to seven days): from means of communication to relaxing equipment. Research analysis was performed allowing for potential uses of the shelter, advanced technologies and materials developed for the Arctic, types of emergency, and material culture of indigenous northern ethnicities.

Master’s degree project
Author: Arina Smetannikova
Supervised by Nikolai P. Garin, Denis А. Kukanov, Alexandra S. Rogova (Trofimenko)
2016

Description:

"Krechet" (Gerfalcon) is a next-generation military outfit intended for use in the low-temperature environmental conditions of Yamal by frontier guards. The design takes advantage of the technical features and materials found in the malitsa, traditional Nenets overcoat: one-piece wind-proof cut and a possibility of incorporating an additional controlled air-filled layer of modern materials emulating the unique properties of reindeer fur. The "Krechet" outfit presents an instance of a regional (targeted) approach to issues of supporting human life and work in the Arctic regions: it has absorbed the indigenous experiences of adaptation to the extreme conditions of the North and knowledge of state-of-the-art technologies and trends in the national industries.

Next project

«Singir» transformable equipment Practice
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